AMCoR Asahikawa Medical College

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ID 20220325_K571
アイテムタイプ Article
本文 K571 Satou Izumi_TD.pdf
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タイトル Comparison of intrathecal morphine with continuous patient-controlled epidural anesthesia versus intrathecal morphine alone for post-cesarean section analgesia:a randomized controlled trial (髄腔内モルヒネと持続的自己調節硬膜外麻酔の併用および髄腔内モルヒネ単独の帝王切開後痛の比較:ランダム化比較試験)
佐藤, 泉 (Sato, Izumi)
BMC Anesthesiology Vol.20, No.1  (2020. 6) ,p.138-
DOI 10.1186/s12871-020-01050-6
学位授与番号 10107A571
学位授与年月日 2022-03-25
学位名 博士(医学)
学位授与機関 旭川医科大学
抄録 Background: Several neuraxial techniques have demonstrated effective post-cesarean section analgesia. According to previous reports, it is likely that patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) without opioids is inferior to intrathecal morphine (IM) alone for post-cesarean section analgesia. However, little is known whether adding PCEA to IM is effective or not. The aim of this study was to compare post-cesarean section analgesia between IM with PCEA and IM alone.

Methods: Fifty patients undergoing elective cesarean section were enrolled in this prospective randomized study. Patients were randomized to one of two groups: IM group and IM + PCEA group. All patients received spinal anesthesia with 12 mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine, 10 μg of fentanyl, and 150 μg of morphine. Patients in IM + PCEA group received epidural catheterization through Th11-12 or Th12-L1 before spinal anesthesia and PCEA (basal 0.167% levobupivacaine infusion rate of 6 mL/h, bolus dose of 3 mL in lockout interval of 30 min) was commenced at the end of surgery. A numerical rating scale (NRS) at rest and on movement at 4,8,12,24,48 h after the intrathecal administration of morphine were recorded. In addition, we recorded the incidence of delayed ambulation and the number of patients who requested rescue analgesics. We examined NRS using Bonferroni's multiple comparison test following repeated measures analysis of variance; p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: Twenty-three patients in each group were finally analyzed. Mean NRS at rest was significantly higher in IM group than in IM + PCEA group at 4 (2.7 vs 0.6), 8 (2.2 vs 0.6), and 12 h (2.5 vs 0.7), and NRS during mobilization was significantly higher in IM group than in IM + PCEA group at 4 (4.9 vs 1.5), 8 (4.8 vs 1.9), 12 (4.9 vs 2), and 24 h (5.7 vs 3.5). The number of patients who required rescue analgesics during the first 24 h was significantly higher in IM group compared to IM + PCEA group. No significant difference was observed between the groups in incidence of delayed ambulation.

Conclusions: The combined use of PCEA with IM provided better post-cesarean section analgesia compared to IM alone.
Cesarean section
Intrathecal morphine
Patient-controlled epidural analgesia
Postoperative analgesia
資源タイプ application/pdf
ジャンル Thesis or Dissertation
著者版フラグ ETD
/ Public
/ Public / 学位論文
/ Public / 学位論文 / 博士論文2020.3~