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閲覧数:375
ID 20200325_K542
アイテムタイプ Article
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本文 K542 Kashiwagi Yuta_AB.pdf
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タイトル Computed tomography findings of complications resulting from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (心肺蘇生後のCT所見に関する研究)
著者
柏木, 友太 (Kashiwagi, Yuta)
上位タイトル
Resuscitation Vol.88, (2015. 3) ,p.86- 91
識別番号
ISSN
0300-9572
DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.12.022
その他
PMID: 25576982
博士論文情報
学位授与番号 10107A542
学位授与年月日 2020-03-25
学位名 博士(医学)
学位授与機関 旭川医科大学
抄録 Introduction: This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate injuries related to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and their associated factors using postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) and whole body CT after successful resuscitation.

Methods: The inclusion criteria were adult, non-traumatic, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients who were transported to our emergency room between April 1, 2008 and March 31, 2013. Following CPR, PMCT was performed in patients who died without return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Similarly, CT scans were performed in patients who were successfully resuscitated within 72h after ROSC. The injuries associated with CPR were analysed retrospectively on CT images.

Results: During the study period, 309 patients who suffered out-of hospital cardiac arrest were transported to our emergency room and received CPR; 223 were enrolled in the study. The CT images showed that 156 patients (70.0%) had rib fractures, and 18 patients (8.1%) had sternal fractures. Rib fractures were associated with older age (78.0 years vs. 66.0 years, p<0.01), longer duration of CPR (41min vs. 33min, p<0.01), and lower rate of ROSC (26.3% vs. 55.3%, p<0.01). All sternal fractures occurred with rib fractures and were associated with a greater number of rib fractures, higher age, and a lower rate of ROSC than rib fractures only cases. Bilateral pneumothorax was observed in two patients with rib fractures.

Conclusions: PMCT is useful for evaluating complications related to chest compression. Further investigations with PMCT are needed to reduce complications and improve the quality of CPR.
キーワード
Cardiac arrest
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Chest compression
Chest injuries
Postmortem computed tomography
Rib fractures.
言語
jpn
資源タイプ application/pdf
ジャンル Thesis or Dissertation
著者版フラグ none
Index
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/ Public / 学位論文
/ Public / 学位論文 / 博士論文2020.3~
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